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Bug 150694 - [RHEL4: 2.6.9] kernel does not properly free PCI IO & MEM allocations
[RHEL4: 2.6.9] kernel does not properly free PCI IO & MEM allocations
Product: Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4
Classification: Red Hat
Component: kernel (Show other bugs)
All Linux
medium Severity medium
: ---
: ---
Assigned To: Prarit Bhargava
Brian Brock
Depends On:
Blocks: 184347
  Show dependency treegraph
Reported: 2005-03-09 14:15 EST by JoAnne K. Halligan
Modified: 2007-11-30 17:07 EST (History)
5 users (show)

See Also:
Fixed In Version:
Doc Type: Bug Fix
Doc Text:
Story Points: ---
Clone Of:
Last Closed: 2006-09-07 10:46:01 EDT
Type: ---
Regression: ---
Mount Type: ---
Documentation: ---
Verified Versions:
Category: ---
oVirt Team: ---
RHEL 7.3 requirements from Atomic Host:
Cloudforms Team: ---

Attachments (Terms of Use)
Reproducer of oops. (628 bytes, patch)
2005-03-10 10:18 EST, Prarit Bhargava
no flags Details | Diff
Patch that "fixes" IO and MEM free'ing issues. (677 bytes, patch)
2005-03-14 10:55 EST, Prarit Bhargava
no flags Details | Diff

  None (edit)
Description JoAnne K. Halligan 2005-03-09 14:15:31 EST
Description of problem:

I've been developing an SGI Hotplug driver on RHEL4.

I noticed this in final testing of hotplug code.

If you cat /proc/iomem and check lspci after removing a device via hotplug:

[root@cranberry3 linux-2.6.9-hotplug]# lspci
01:01.0 Co-processor: Silicon Graphics, Inc. IOC4 I/O controller (rev 4f)
01:03.0 SCSI storage controller: QLogic Corp. ISP12160 Dual Channel Ultra3 SCSI
Processor (rev 06)
01:04.0 Ethernet controller: Broadcom Corporation NetXtreme BCM5701 Gigabit
Ethernet (rev 15)
03:02.0 ATM network controller: FORE Systems Inc ForeRunnerHE ATM Adapter
04:01.0 SCSI storage controller: QLogic Corp. QLA2200 64-bit Fibre Channel
Adapter (rev 05)
[root@cranberry3 linux-2.6.9-hotplug]# cat /proc/iomem
c00004080c200000-c00004080c2fffff : 0000:01:01.0
c00004080f400000-c00004080f4fffff : 0000:03:02.0
c00004080fe00000-c00004080fe00fff : 0000:04:01.0
c00004080fe01000-c00004080fe01fff : 0000:04:02.0
 00220000-0023ffff : 0000:04:01.0

There are still allocations listed for device 04:02.0 even though it has been
removed from the system.

I tracked down the issue to the following:

When pci_remove_bus_device is called both the pci_driver remove function for a
device and the function pci_free_resources are called.

In the case of the QLA2x00 driver, the drivers remove function calls
pci_release_regions.  This function releases the IO & MEM allocs for the pci
device and kfree's them.

Later, pci_free_resources is called.  This function attempts to also free IO &
MEM allocs for the pci device.

This may (about 5% of the time) causes an oops.

At a minimum, Hotplug support looks busted in 2.6.9 -- I have yet to check a 
2.6.11 bk pull.

Version-Release number of selected component (if applicable):

How reproducible:

see above
Comment 1 Prarit Bhargava 2005-03-09 14:22:28 EST
Bill, I can take this one.  I've already posed a few questions in
Comment 2 Prarit Bhargava 2005-03-10 10:18:24 EST
Created attachment 111856 [details]
Reproducer of oops.

Reproduce oops by memset'ing resource before kfree.
Comment 3 Prarit Bhargava 2005-03-10 10:23:00 EST
I've asked the following question in linux-hotplug-devel but haven't heard an
answer yet.  I'm worried that no one knows ...

"... should a driver be cleaning up resources or should PCI?"
Comment 4 Jeff Garzik 2005-03-10 13:26:45 EST
The low-level driver that requests the resources should also release them.

Usually this is via pci_request_regions().
Comment 5 Prarit Bhargava 2005-03-10 13:42:42 EST

Thanks -- I wanted someone who knew a bit about PCI to make a statement of
fact about the resource allocations.

I'm close to what I think an appropriate solution is.  I could just remove
the erroneous call to pci_free_resources, however, I believe that this may
cause some drivers (that are dependent on the pci_free_resources call) to 

Since pci_free_resources is a legacy (deprecated?) call that we should modify
the code such that release_resources sets the appropriate pci_dev->res pointers
to null, and pci_free_resources only attempts to free a resource if the 
pointer is not NULL.

At that time we would output a warning message about the deprecation of the
call ... IMO, pci_free_resources should never be called.

What do you think?  Think the community would go for that solution? 

Comment 6 Jeff Garzik 2005-03-10 15:08:21 EST
If a driver is not properly releasing resources, that driver needs to be fixed.

If resources are lingering, we shouldn't be messing with them, as that indicates
something is still active.

Am I missing something?
Comment 7 Prarit Bhargava 2005-03-12 19:57:06 EST

You're absolutely 100% right that the broken drivers are the problem here, not

I had a discussion with Greg Kroah (PCI & Hotplug maintainer) about this over
the past 24-48 hours.

At issue here is our worry that we will "break" some existing drivers by blindly 
removing the erroneous call to pci_frese_resources in the PCI subsystem.

IMO this call just shouldn't be there.  Everything that I've heard says that
a driver is responsible for cleaning up resource allocations.

I submitted a patch to Greg and he's going to put it into the tree for the time

I'm at home and will properly submit this patch as an attachment on Monday.

===== drivers/pci/remove.c 1.6 vs edited =====
 --- 1.6/drivers/pci/remove.c	2005-01-14 18:06:55 -05:00
 +++ edited/drivers/pci/remove.c	2005-03-11 21:18:22 -05:00
 @@ -19,8 +19,12 @@
  	for (i = 0; i < PCI_NUM_RESOURCES; i++) {
  		struct resource *res = dev->resource + i;
 -		if (res->parent)
 +		if (res && res->parent)
 ===== kernel/resource.c 1.26 vs edited =====
 --- 1.26/kernel/resource.c	2005-01-08 00:44:13 -05:00
 +++ edited/kernel/resource.c	2005-03-11 20:56:47 -05:00
 @@ -505,6 +505,7 @@
  			*p = res->sibling;
 +			res = NULL;
  		p = &res->sibling;
Comment 8 Prarit Bhargava 2005-03-14 10:55:28 EST
Created attachment 111987 [details]
Patch that "fixes" IO and MEM free'ing issues.

Submitted to and accepted by Greg Kroah.
Comment 9 Tim Burke 2005-03-23 20:57:04 EST
Prarit - if you have a tested fix which you consider viable.. please proceed to
proposing it on rhkernel-list.
Comment 15 Prarit Bhargava 2005-06-29 11:43:42 EDT
Please be aware that I can no longer see PRIVATE comments. 

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