Bug 76571 - incompilable with cc -D__KERNEL__ -DMODULE with module.h
incompilable with cc -D__KERNEL__ -DMODULE with module.h
Status: CLOSED DUPLICATE of bug 76569
Product: Red Hat Linux
Classification: Retired
Component: glibc-kernheaders (Show other bugs)
i386 Linux
medium Severity medium
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Assigned To: Arjan van de Ven
Brian Brock
Depends On:
  Show dependency treegraph
Reported: 2002-10-23 11:32 EDT by Need Real Name
Modified: 2007-04-18 12:47 EDT (History)
0 users

See Also:
Fixed In Version:
Doc Type: Bug Fix
Doc Text:
Story Points: ---
Clone Of:
Last Closed: 2002-10-23 11:32:53 EDT
Type: ---
Regression: ---
Mount Type: ---
Documentation: ---
Verified Versions:
Category: ---
oVirt Team: ---
RHEL 7.3 requirements from Atomic Host:
Cloudforms Team: ---

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Description Need Real Name 2002-10-23 11:32:45 EDT
From Bugzilla Helper:
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; Windows NT 5.0)

Description of problem:
When I compile simple module device driver programs in C with cc -D__KERNEL__ -
DMODULE option, the cc always return erras in line 60, 62, and 91 in module.h 
at least, then reject to go on; I tried three simple sample programs from books 
<<Linux Device Driver>>, <<Embedded Linux>>, and <Practical Linux Programming>> 
respectively, I get the same returning messages.

Version-Release number of selected component (if applicable):

How reproducible:

Steps to Reproduce:
1.copy one of the following three set of module program and its makefile into 
your i386-PC:
  1.1 from <<Practical Linux Programming>>
    1.1.1 makefile:
INCLUDEDIR = /usr/include
OBJS = pport.o
all: $(OBJS)

     1.1.2 pport.c:  
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>     /* everything... */

int major = 0;

struct file_operations fops = {
NULL,          /* lseek */
NULL,          /* read */
NULL,          /* write */
NULL,          /* readdir */
NULL,			 /* poll */
NULL,          /* ioctl */
NULL,          /* mmap */
NULL,          /* open */
NULL,			 /* flush */
NULL,          /* release */
NULL,          /* fsync */
NULL,          /* fasync */
NULL,			 /* check_media_change */
NULL, 			 /* revalidate */
NULL,	       /* lock */

int init_module(void)

   major = register_chrdev(0, "pport", &fops);
   return 0;

void cleanup_module(void)
   unregister_chrdev(major, "pport");

  1.2 from <<Linux Device Drivers>>@2001 website:
      faulty.c and Makefile in misc-module folder:
      1.2.1 Makefile:
# Comment/uncomment the following line to enable/disable debugging
#DEBUG = y

# Change it here or specify it on the "make" commandline
INCLUDEDIR = /usr/include

ifeq ($(DEBUG),y)



# first the portable ones, then those that need newer kernel versions
# this way everything compilable is built under 1.2 before getting errors
OBJS = faulty.o sleepy.o silly.o slave.o slaveD.o slaveH.o import.o \
	master.o export.o hello.o \
	jit.o jiq.o 

all: $(OBJS)

	rm -f *.o *.ver *~ 

# Don't use -Wall here: the cose is silly by design
hello.o: hello.c
	$(CC) -D__KERNEL__ -c $^ -o $@

# set MODVERSIONS if the kernel uses it
VERSUSED = $(shell grep 'define CONFIG_MODVERSIONS' \
                   $(INCLUDEDIR)/linux/autoconf.h | wc -l | sed 's/ //g')
ifeq ($(VERSUSED),1)

# and then use it
export.o import.o: export.ver

export.ver: export.c
	$(CC) -I$(INCLUDEDIR) -E -D__GENKSYMS__ $^ | genksyms > $@

      1.2.3 faulty.c:
 * faulty.c -- a module which generates an oopswhen read
 * Tested with 1.2 on the x86
 * Tested with 2.0 on the x86, Sparc

#ifndef __KERNEL__
#  define __KERNEL__
#ifndef MODULE
#  define MODULE

#define __NO_VERSION__ /* don't define kernel_verion in module.h */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/version.h>

char kernel_version [] = UTS_RELEASE;

#include <linux/kernel.h> /* printk() */
#include <linux/fs.h>     /* everything... */
#include <linux/types.h>  /* size_t */
#include <asm/segment.h>

#include "sysdep.h" /* count_t for portability 2.0/2.1 */

int faulty_major=0;

char faulty_buf[1024];

read_write_t faulty_read (struct inode *inode, struct file *filp,
                char *buf, count_t count)
  printk(KERN_DEBUG "read: inode %p, file %p, buf %p, count %li\n",
         inode, filp, buf, (long)count);
  return count;
struct pio {int a; char b; long c;};

read_write_t faulty_write (struct inode *inode, struct file *filp,
               const char *buf, count_t count)
    /* put_user(0,(struct pio *)buf);*/
    return 0;

struct file_operations faulty_fops = {
    NULL,          /* lseek */
                   /* nothing more, fill with NULLs */

int init_module(void)
    int result;

     * Register your major, and accept a dynamic number
    result = register_chrdev(faulty_major, "faulty", &faulty_fops);
    if (result < 0) return result;
    if (faulty_major == 0) faulty_major = result; /* dynamic */

     * allocate the devices -- we can't have them static, as the number
     * can be specified at load time
    return 0;

void cleanup_module(void)
    unregister_chrdev(faulty_major, "faulty");

  1.3 from <<Embedded Linux>>@2002 website:
      www.embeddedlinuxinterfacing.com/chapters/7, sample:
      hello_proc_module.c and cc -D__KERNEL__ -DMODULE ...
2.run command "make" where the copied programs are
3.You will see returned messages like below in section Actual results:

Actual Results:  stop compiling and return erra message as below:

[martinwm@mdoggy minimum:476]$ ls
Makefile  pport.c
[martinwm@mdoggy minimum:477]$ vi pport.c
[martinwm@mdoggy minimum:478]$ make
cc -D__KERNEL__ -DMODULE -Wall -O2 -I/usr/include   -c -o pport.o pport.c
In file included from /usr/include/linux/fs.h:23,
                 from pport.c:3:
/usr/include/linux/string.h:8:2: warning: #warning Using kernel header in 
In file included from pport.c:1:
/usr/include/linux/module.h:60: parse error before `atomic_t'
/usr/include/linux/module.h:60: warning: no semicolon at end of struct or union
/usr/include/linux/module.h:60: warning: no semicolon at end of struct or union
/usr/include/linux/module.h:62: parse error before `}'
/usr/include/linux/module.h:62: warning: type defaults to `int' in declaration 
of `uc'
/usr/include/linux/module.h:62: warning: data definition has no type or storage 
/usr/include/linux/module.h:91: parse error before `}'
pport.c:7: variable `fops' has initializer but incomplete type
pport.c:8: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:8: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:9: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:9: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:10: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:10: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:11: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:11: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:12: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:12: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:13: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:13: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:14: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:14: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:15: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:15: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:16: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:16: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:17: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:17: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:18: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:18: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:19: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:19: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:20: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:20: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:21: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:21: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c:22: warning: excess elements in struct initializer
pport.c:22: warning: (near initialization for `fops')
pport.c: In function `init_module':
pport.c:28: warning: implicit declaration of function `register_chrdev'
pport.c: In function `cleanup_module':
pport.c:34: warning: implicit declaration of function `unregister_chrdev'
make: *** [pport.o] Error 1
[martinwm@mdoggy minimum:479]$ ls
Makefile  pport.c
[martinwm@mdoggy minimum:480]$

Expected Results:  pass through the "make" cc compilation and get pport.o.

Additional info:

Makefiles without option -D__KERNEL__ -DMODULE for a non-module/driver
/kernel C program are ok, now.
Comment 1 Arjan van de Ven 2002-10-23 13:53:28 EDT

*** This bug has been marked as a duplicate of 76569 ***

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