When Squid is parsing ESI, it keeps the ESI elements in ESIContext. ESIContext contains a buffer for holding a stack of ESIElements. When a new ESIElement is parsed, it is added via addStackElement. addStackElement has a check for the number of elements in this buffer, but it's off by 1, leading to a Heap Overflow of 1 element. The overflow is within the same structure so it can't affect adjacent memory blocks, and thus just leads to a crash while processing.
This bug is now closed. Further updates for individual products will be reflected on the CVE page(s):
This issue has been addressed in the following products:
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8
Via RHSA-2020:4743 https://access.redhat.com/errata/RHSA-2020:4743