During file promotion, the rebalance operation sets the sticky bit and suid/sgid bit. Normally, it removes these bits when the migration is complete. If readdirp is called on a file before migration completes, these bits are not removed, and remain applied on the client.
This means that, if rsync happens while the bits are applied, the bits remain applied to the file as it is synced to the destination, impairing accessibility on the destination. This can happen in any geo-replicated configuration, but the likelihood increases with tiering because the rebalance process is continuous.