Bug 1510734 - Unable to kinit with IPA user(if 2FA is enabled in IPA)
Summary: Unable to kinit with IPA user(if 2FA is enabled in IPA)
Status: NEW
Alias: None
Product: Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9
Classification: Red Hat
Component: ipa
Version: unspecified
Hardware: x86_64
OS: Linux
Target Milestone: beta
: ---
Assignee: Florence Blanc-Renaud
QA Contact: ipa-qe
Depends On:
TreeView+ depends on / blocked
Reported: 2017-11-08 06:29 UTC by Akshay Sakure
Modified: 2022-04-06 13:43 UTC (History)
11 users (show)

Fixed In Version:
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Clone Of:
Last Closed:
Type: Bug
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Attachments (Terms of Use)

System ID Private Priority Status Summary Last Updated
Red Hat Issue Tracker FREEIPA-7145 0 None None None 2021-10-22 14:28:34 UTC

Description Akshay Sakure 2017-11-08 06:29:01 UTC
Description of problem:
If 2FA(password + otp) is enabled for IPA user it cannot perform kinit.
kinit fails with:
$ kinit testuser
kinit: Preauthentication failed while getting initial credentials

Version-Release number of selected component (if applicable):
Latest version of IPA and sssd

How reproducible:

Steps to Reproduce:
1. As admin, create a new user with password.
2. Enable OTP authentication for this user.
3. Create an either TOTP or HOTP token for this user.
4. Run kinit as this user.

Actual results:
$ kinit testuser
kinit: Generic preauthentication failure while getting initial credentials

Expected results:
kinit should work for 2FA(password + otp) enabled IPA user

Additional info:
This is clone of upstream ticket https://pagure.io/freeipa/issue/4411

Comment 2 Akshay Sakure 2017-11-08 06:30:24 UTC
Workaround is available as per: http://www.freeipa.org/page/V4/OTP#kinit_Method

Comment 3 Petr Vobornik 2017-11-09 15:03:51 UTC
kinit, to use 2 factor authentication, requires a so called FAST channel. This channel can be obtained by kiniting as different principal. E.g. admin as showed in "workaround" in comment 2. 

Alternative is to use SSSD which has access to host keytab and can thus establish the FAST channel automatically for the user - e.g. during authentication to the host.

But for users who have access to only their Kerberos credential and no keytab and need to use kinit directly there is one alternative: anonymous PKINIT.

IdM on RHEL 7.4 introduced support for anonymous PKINIT.

Design page: https://www.freeipa.org/page/V4/Kerberos_PKINIT
How to use: https://www.freeipa.org/page/V4/Kerberos_PKINIT#How_to_Use

To paste it here:
   kinit -n
   ARMOR_CCACHE=$(klist|grep cache:|cut -d' ' -f3-)
   kinit -T $ARMOR_CCACHE principal@REALM 

(so it can be scripted)

This will only work if IPA server has pkinit enabled. That can be checked with command:
   ipa-pkinit-manage status

Comment 4 Petr Vobornik 2017-11-13 16:36:50 UTC
Upstream ticket:

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