Calamares through 3.2.4 copies a LUKS encryption keyfile from /crypto_keyfile.bin (mode 0600 owned by root) to /boot within a globally readable initramfs image with insecure permissions, which allows this originally protected file to be read by any user, thereby disclosing decryption keys for LUKS containers created with Full Disk Encryption.
Created calamares tracking bugs for this issue:
Affects: fedora-all [bug 1726543]
This CVE only affects the Debian mkinitramfs (initramfs-tools), which is not used in the Fedora configuration for Calamares. The underlying tool is also not shipped at all by Fedora. Therefore, Fedora is NOT affected by this vulnerability.
Dracut does not require the caller (Calamares in this case) to set the umask, it already does this automatically, and has been doing so since 2012 (since 2016 for one special case). See CVE-2012-4453 (https://github.com/dracutdevs/dracut/commit/e1b48995c26c4f06d1a718539cb1bd5b0179af91) and CVE-2016-8637 (https://github.com/dracutdevs/dracut/commit/0db98910a11c12a454eac4c8e86dc7a7bbc764a4).
Calamares on Fedora IS affected by the related CVE-2019-13178, though.
Please note that the upstream version numbers in both CVEs are incorrect, all versions of Calamares up to and including 3.2.10 are affected (but this particular CVE does not affect Fedora, as I explained).