We refactored the RFC 8198 Aggressive Use of DNSSEC-Validated Cache feature (synth-from-dnssec) for the new BIND 9.18.0 stable release, and changed the default so that is now automatically enabled for dnssec-validating resolvers. Subsequently it was found that repeated patterns of specific queries to servers with this feature enabled could cause an INSIST failure in query.c:query_dname which causes named to terminate unexpectedly.
The vulnerability affects BIND resolvers running 9.18.0 that have both dnssec-validation and synth-from-dnssec enabled. (Note that dnssec-validation auto; is the default setting unless configured otherwise in named.conf and that enabling dnssec-validation automatically enables synth-from-dnssec unless explicitly disabled)
This bug is now closed. Further updates for individual products will be reflected on the CVE page(s):