Description of problem:
which seems to disable the root account. After an upgrade from FC5there is
/etc/passwd.rpmnew, where also every other account is disabled.
Version-Release number of selected component (if applicable):
Steps to Reproduce:
1. Upgrade from Fedora Core 5
/etc/passwd.rpmnew is created with disabled accounts
no /etc/passwd.rpmnew is created.
The line for root should maybe changed to root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
like it was suggested in #138878
If your local /etc/passwd file has been modified this is the expected and
documented behaviour for config files updates which are %config(noreplace).
If you think that this is somehow related to something else please let me know.
Read ya, Phil
The /etc/passwd in setup-2.5.55-1.fc6 looks like:
For this reason a /etc/passwd.rpmnew is created, with the above contents. (The
existing /etc/passwd on most fedora machines differs in two ways, it contains
more entries and in the second column is an "x" instead of an "*". The "*"
instead of "x" would deactivate the regarding account. I think that noone wants
to deactivite a lot of systems accounts on his machine, but it may a security
feature, so I do not see any reason, why the /etc/passwd.rpmnew differs in this
way. Merging the changes from the new /etc/passwd.rpmnew to the actual
/etc/passwd would render the system useless.
I do not completly understand whether or not the non-root accounts should be
changed to deactivated state, because the meanings of "*" and "x" seem not to be
well documented - I cannot find a word about it in the regarding manpages.
Nevertheless deactivating the root account seems to be a bad idea.
I hope you can understand, what I am trying to say :-)
Well, i think i understand what you mean, but the problem still says the same:
Neither setup itself nor rpm with it's capabilites can "convert" an old
/etc/passwd to a new one.
If the file changed on the system the only safe thing in this case that rpm can
do is to install the file as a .rpmnew file and leave it to the sysadmin to
verify and in case changes need to be made modify the existing original /etc/passwd.
Anything else could and probably would in some cases render a machine completely
inaccessible after an update, something you want even less than a .rpmnew file i
So in my personal view this is not a bug but an expected and actually good
behaviour (not possibly screwing up your system is good imo :) ).
Read ya, Phil
Or to put it in Bill's words:
Changing the default password file makes upgrades a mess, as you have
to code in hacks to get changes propagated to users systems.
Thats what we're seeing now for updates and we deliberately didn't want to make
any hacks to "most of the time" upgrade your system safely.
Read ya, Phil
I understand why rpm creates a .rpmnew file but I do not understand whether or
not there are now changes, that should be made to /etc/passwd, should the "x"s
in /etc/passwd now be changed to "*"s or not? (The answer imho is: no, since it
makes it impossible to login as root), but if the "x"s should not be changed to
"*"s, why are there "*"s in the new /etc/passwd(.rpmnew) file?
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(In reply to comment #5)
> I understand why rpm creates a .rpmnew file but I do not understand whether or
> not there are now changes, that should be made to /etc/passwd, should the "x"s
> in /etc/passwd now be changed to "*"s or not? (The answer imho is: no, since it
> makes it impossible to login as root), but if the "x"s should not be changed to
> "*"s, why are there "*"s in the new /etc/passwd(.rpmnew) file?
I also would like to know the answer to this (old) question, it's quite strange default.