Red Hat Bugzilla – Bug 426903
System crashes upon inserting media into CD/DVD-ROM drive
Last modified: 2008-02-05 09:37:38 EST
Description of problem:
Upon inserting a CD or a DVD into the DVD-ROM drive, the latter shows
some activity druring a couple od seconds. Then, the screen turns blank
and the system restarts.
Version-Release number of selected component (if applicable):
Steps to Reproduce:
1. Boot Fedora 8.
2. Login to GNOME desktop.
3. Insert media into DVD-ROM drive.
System crashes and reboots.
Media gets mounted and nautilus opens up a new window.
- No problems under Windows 2000 Professional .
- Both x86 and x86_64 versions of the F8 rescue CD boot correctly.
- Problem seems to be a generic x86_64 one. When I boot current
Ubuntu 8.04 AMD64 live CD, it aborts similarly during start-up
whereas the x86 version boots correctly.
- The board is of type Tyan S2865AG2NRF sporting an NForce4 Ultra
chipset, and both DVD-ROM drive and system hard disk are
connected by means of IDE channels.
Created attachment 290484 [details]
Output of dmesg for kernel 188.8.131.52-99.fc8
Created attachment 290485 [details]
Excerpt from messages log file for kernel 184.108.40.206-99.fc8
Does disabling DMA for the CD/DVD drive help?
Try adding this line to /etc/modprobe.conf:
options libata dma=1
Then either rebuild the initrd or uninstall/reinstall the kernel to get an
I have tried adding "[options] libata dma=0/1" to both modprobe.conf and
the kernel boot options [even adding "ide=nodma", too]. It looks as if
for kernel 220.127.116.11-99.fc8 [on system otherwise upgraded to "rawhide"]
has no effect [the original report was for F8 with updates].
For both hard disk and DVD drive, 'hdparm -d /dev/..' returns nil,
and 'hdparm -t /dev/sda' reports about 60 MB/s which seems to indicate
operation in UDMA/133 mode which should have been disabled though.
The system still crashes when inserting a disk media. When booting with
an already inserted media, it's usually at the point of starting the
'hal' daemon that the system aborts. Even without any media inserted, it
aborts about 1 out of 2 times after entering the "udev" start-up section
and before loading the default keymap.
The Ubuntu 8.04 problem has turned out to be related to "usplash" and
not to the present issue. After removing "splash" from the boot options,
the live CD successfully boots into the desktop environment.
The problem seems to be due to the "pata_amd" module [v0.3.9] which
handles both ATA drives. For this module, it's impossible to display
or change the DMA settings:
"hdparm -d0 /dev/sda/dev/sda:
setting using_dma to 0 (off)
HDIO_SET_DMA failed: Inappropriate ioctl for device"
for both kernel-18.104.22.168-99.fc8 and kernel-2.6.24-0.133.rc6.git8.fc9.
For the current Ubuntu 8.04 AMD64 live CD mentioned above, things work
as expected, but in contrast with Fedora, a different module named
"pata_acpi" and absent from the Fedora kernels is loaded. In turn, the
Ubuntu kernel does not include "pata_amd".
(In reply to comment #3)
Following the prescription of comment #3, the DVD drive is now controlled
without using DMA:
ata2.00: ATAPI: SONY DVD-ROM DDU1612, DYS3, max UDMA/33
ata2.00: configured for PIO4
and booting the system with inserted media or inserting a media within a
GNOME session works essentially correctly, in particular, without causing
the crashes reported earlier.
So it reboots right after printing these messages when DMA is enabled, right?
ata1.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x0 SErr 0x0 action 0x2 frozen
ata1.00: cmd a0/00:00:00:00:20/00:00:00:00:00/a0 tag 0 cdb 0x0 data 0
res 00/01:01:01:14:eb/00:00:00:00:00/a0 Emask 0x2 (HSM violation)
ata1: soft resetting port
ata1.00: configured for UDMA/33
ata1: EH complete
Actually no but these were the last lines in "messages" with a leading
"kernel: ata1" before the crash. Operation went on for a while with a
mixed DVD/network yum transaction during which all of a sudden the
system started over.
Note that this infamous "HSM violation" complaint also appears
occasionally when the DVD drive has been configured for PIO4 operation.
Anyway, "rawhide" is moving pretty fast, and from what appears today
it looks as if this crash is less likely to happen than some days ago.
Also annoying is that I cannot even print out basic DVD drive
information since this is what I obtain from 'hdparm -I /dev/sr0'
HDIO_DRIVE_CMD(identify) failed: Input/output error
Upgrading to kernel-2.6.24-0.136.rc6.git12.fc9 improves the situation
significantly. Both drives are using DMA again, and in general, media
are mounted correctly. I happened to trigger a crash once by 'hdparm -t
/dev/sr0' but afterwards, benchmarking succeeded a couple of times
without incident. Note that with the current "rawhide" kernel, it's
possible again to retrieve drive information by means of 'hdparm -I
/dev/sr0' in contrast with earlier results reported in comment #8:
hdparm -I /dev/sr0
ATAPI CD-ROM, with removable media
Model Number: SONY DVD-ROM DDU1612
Firmware Revision: DYS3
Used: ATAPI for CD-ROMs, SFF-8020i, r2.5
Supported: CD-ROM ATAPI-2
DRQ response: 50us.
Packet size: 12 bytes
LBA, IORDY(cannot be disabled)
DMA: mdma0 mdma1 mdma2 udma0 udma1 *udma2
Cycle time: min=120ns recommended=120ns
PIO: pio0 pio1 pio2 pio3 pio4
Cycle time: no flow control=227ns IORDY flow control=120ns
However, it's still impossible to change the DMA setting on the fly:
hdparm -d1 /dev/sr0
setting using_dma to 1 (on)
HDIO_SET_DMA failed: Inappropriate ioctl for device
Issue has completely disappeared for current "rawhide".