Bug 75359 - kernel source does not compile due to missing include files
kernel source does not compile due to missing include files
Product: Red Hat Linux
Classification: Retired
Component: kernel (Show other bugs)
i386 Linux
medium Severity medium
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Assigned To: Arjan van de Ven
Brian Brock
Depends On:
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Reported: 2002-10-07 12:52 EDT by Gilles Berger Sabbatel
Modified: 2007-04-18 12:47 EDT (History)
3 users (show)

See Also:
Fixed In Version:
Doc Type: Bug Fix
Doc Text:
Story Points: ---
Clone Of:
Last Closed: 2002-11-16 06:07:05 EST
Type: ---
Regression: ---
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Verified Versions:
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oVirt Team: ---
RHEL 7.3 requirements from Atomic Host:
Cloudforms Team: ---

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Description Gilles Berger Sabbatel 2002-10-07 12:52:21 EDT
From Bugzilla Helper:
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 Galeon/1.2.5 (X11; Linux i686; U;) Gecko/20020809

Description of problem:
When trying to compile a kernel from source (kernel-source rpm), 
make depend report errors, and make bzImage fails with :
stdargs.h : file not found
(included from kernel.h)

If I put a copy of :
in the include directory, the kernel compiles, but make modules
fails with : "stddef.h : file not found"

Version-Release number of selected component (if applicable):

How reproducible:

Steps to Reproduce:
1. cd /usr/src/linux-2.4
2. cp /boot/config-2.4.18-14 .config
3. make xconfig ...
4  make depend :
Dans le fichier inclus ` partir de /usr/src/linux-2.4.18-14/include/linux/wait.h:13,
          ` partir de /usr/src/linux-2.4.18-14/include/linux/fs.h:12,
          ` partir de /usr/src/linux-2.4.18-14/include/linux/capability.h:17,
          ` partir de /usr/src/linux-2.4.18-14/include/linux/binfmts.h:5,
          ` partir de /usr/src/linux-2.4.18-14/include/linux/sched.h:9,
          ` partir de /usr/src/linux-2.4.18-14/include/linux/syscall.h:12,
          ` partir de syscall_ksyms.c:8:
/usr/src/linux-2.4.18-14/include/linux/kernel.h:10:20: stdarg.h: Aucun fichier
ou ripertoire de ce type
4 make bzImage : the compilation fails with the same message in "sched.c".

5 copy /usr/lib/gcc-lib/i386-redhat-linux/3.2/include/stdarg.h in

6 make depend : no more errors

7 make bzImage : kernel compiles

8 make modules : fails...


Additional info:
Comment 1 Arjan van de Ven 2002-10-08 10:21:14 EDT
you missed "make mrproper" as first step
Comment 2 Gilles Berger Sabbatel 2002-10-09 06:11:04 EDT
I only forgot to write "make mrproper" in the report : the same thing happen if
I do it.
Here is a script of what happen :


Comment 3 Arjan van de Ven 2002-10-09 06:14:49 EDT
please try this with LANG=C 
to see if it's a case of compiler stuff getting translated
Comment 4 Gilles Berger Sabbatel 2002-10-09 07:21:06 EDT
Done : looks much better now!

Here is the script :

Comment 5 Mark Harig 2002-10-24 18:20:14 EDT
This appears to be happening with kernel-source-2.14.18-17.8.0, also, i.e.,
'make dep' is failing due to a missing header file (autoconf.h).

Here are the steps I took:

1. Vanilla install of Red Hat Linux 8.0, using the 'Workstation' setup with the
defaults (security: added 'ssh').

2. Boot Linux from boot floppy that was created during installation.

3. Install 'kernel-source-2.14.18.i386.rpm' from Installation CD #2.

4. Run Red Hat Alert Notification tool (GUI that uses 'up2date') to download and
install latest versions of installed packages.

5. Create a boot disk of kernel-2.14.18-17.8.0.

6. Reboot.

7. Login as 'root'.  # cd /usr/src/linux-2.4

8. # echo $LANG
   # LANG=C
   # export LANG
   # echo $LANG

9. # LANG=C make mrproper && echo $?

10. # cp /boot/config-2.4.18-17.8.0 .config
    # diff .config configs/kernel-2.4.18-i686.config && echo $?

11. # LANG=C make dep
gcc -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -O2 -fomit-frame-pointer -o scripts/mkdep
make[1]: Entering directory `/usr/src/linux-2.4.18-17.8.0/arch/i386/boot'
make[1]: Nothing to be done for `dep'.
make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/linux-2.4.18-17.8.0/arch/i386/boot'
scripts/mkdep -- init/*.c > .depend
scripts/mkdep -- `find /usr/src/linux-2.4.18-17.8.0/include/asm
/usr/src/linux-2.4.18-17.8.0/include/math-emu -name SCCS -prune -o -follow -name
\*.h ! -name modversions.h -print` > .hdepend
find: /usr/src/linux-2.4.18-17.8.0/include/asm: No such file or directory
find: /usr/src/linux-2.4.18-17.8.0/include/math-emu: No such file or directory
make _sfdep_kernel _sfdep_drivers _sfdep_mm _sfdep_fs _sfdep_net _sfdep_ipc
_sfdep_lib _sfdep_abi _sfdep_crypto _sfdep_arch/i386/kernel _sfdep_arch/i386/mm
_sfdep_arch/i386/lib _FASTDEP_ALL_SUB_DIRS="kernel drivers mm fs net ipc lib abi
crypto arch/i386/kernel arch/i386/mm arch/i386/lib"
make[1]: Entering directory `/usr/src/linux-2.4.18-17.8.0'
make -C kernel fastdep
make[2]: Entering directory `/usr/src/linux-2.4.18-17.8.0/kernel'
make[2]: *** No rule to make target
`/usr/src/linux-2.4.18-17.8.0/include/linux/autoconf.h', needed by
`/usr/src/linux-2.4.18-17.8.0/include/linux/modules/signal.ver'.  Stop.
make[2]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/linux-2.4.18-17.8.0/kernel'
make[1]: *** [_sfdep_kernel] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory `/usr/src/linux-2.4.18-17.8.0'
make: *** [dep-files] Error 2

Comment 6 Arjan van de Ven 2002-10-25 03:46:09 EDT
you forgot to do the "make oldconfig" (or menuconfig or config or xconfig) step
which is required to actually USE the .config (and that generates autoconfig.h)
Comment 7 Mark Harig 2002-10-25 11:32:52 EDT
Thank you.  That fixed the problem I was having with 'make dep'.

On page 258 of the Red Hat 8.0 Customization Guide, the third paragragh is:

"If you want to use the settings of a default Red Hat Linux kernel, copy the
configuration file from the /usr/src/linux-2.4/configs directory to
/usr/src/linux-2.4/.config.  Then, run the 'make xconfig' command and only make
the desired changes. Be sure to save your changes to the configuration file."

Because I had no desired changes, I did not run 'make xconfig'.

The next paragraph begins with:

"Other available methods for kernel configuration are listed below:"

Further down the page is item 6:

"6. After creating a /usr/src/linux-2.4/.config file, use the command 'make dep'
to set up all the dependencies correctly."

Somewhere between the third paragraph and item 6, a clear statement needs to be
added to tell the reader that it is insufficient to simply copy an existing
configuration file to /usr/src/linux-2.4/.config, but that one of the
xconfig/config/menuconfig/oldconfig targets *MUST* be updated also.

If you agree, then I will create a bug report for the Customization Guide, 'rhl_cg'.

Comment 8 Arjan van de Ven 2002-10-25 11:56:13 EDT
sounds right to me.
Comment 9 Mark Harig 2002-10-25 12:50:31 EDT
What about the 'LANG=C' requirement?  Is that a requirement for anyone who wants
to build the kernel?  (This is the first time I have used an operating system
that did not default to setting the environment variable 'LANG' to 'C'.)
Comment 10 Arjan van de Ven 2002-10-25 13:01:15 EDT
that's more of a kernel bug that the kernel doesnt' force that itself ;(
will be fixed for a next release/erratum
Comment 11 Arjan van de Ven 2002-11-16 06:07:05 EST
An errata has been issued which should help the problem described in this bug report. 
This report is therefore being closed with a resolution of ERRATA. For more information
on the solution and/or where to find the updated files, please follow the link below. You may reopen 
this bug report if the solution does not work for you.


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