Bug 967656 (CVE-2013-1966, CVE-2013-2115) - CVE-2013-1966 struts2: remote command execution due to flaw in the includeParams attribute of URL and Anchor tags
Summary: CVE-2013-1966 struts2: remote command execution due to flaw in the includePar...
Alias: CVE-2013-1966, CVE-2013-2115
Product: Security Response
Classification: Other
Component: vulnerability
Version: unspecified
Hardware: All
OS: Linux
Target Milestone: ---
Assignee: Red Hat Product Security
QA Contact:
Depends On:
Blocks: 967657
TreeView+ depends on / blocked
Reported: 2013-05-27 20:11 UTC by Vincent Danen
Modified: 2021-02-04 00:54 UTC (History)
5 users (show)

Fixed In Version: Struts
Doc Type: Bug Fix
Doc Text:
Clone Of:
Last Closed: 2013-05-28 01:57:39 UTC

Attachments (Terms of Use)

Description Vincent Danen 2013-05-27 20:11:51 UTC
As per the upstream report:

Both the s:url and s:a tag provide an includeParams attribute.

The main scope of that attribute is to understand whether includes http request parameter or not.

The allowed values of includeParams are:

1. none - include no parameters in the URL (default)
2. get - include only GET parameters in the URL
3. all - include both GET and POST parameters in the URL

A request that included a specially crafted request parameter could be used to inject arbitrary OGNL code into the stack, afterward used as request parameter of an URL or A tag , which will cause a further evaluation.

The second evaluation happens when the URL/A tag tries to resolve every parameters present in the original request.
This lets malicious users put arbitrary OGNL statements into any request parameter (not necessarily managed by the code) and have it evaluated as an OGNL expression to enable method execution and execute arbitrary methods, bypassing Struts and OGNL library protections.

This flaw is reported to affect Struts 2.0.0 through to Struts 2.3.14.  It is corrected in

External References:


Comment 1 Vincent Danen 2013-05-27 20:15:27 UTC
Note that Struts was released due to an incomplete/incorrect fix for CVE-2013-1966 in version  A new CVE was assigned for this incomplete fix (CVE-2013-2115) but would only affect version or any other supplied version of Struts with the incorrect patch.

This issue is fully corrected in as per:


Comment 3 Mark J. Cox 2013-11-28 08:47:59 UTC
had this affected Red Hat products it would have done so with impact=critical.

Comment 5 Chess Hazlett 2019-09-17 20:36:04 UTC

A previous statement by Red Hat related to this CVE, prior to August 2019, said that Apache Struts 2 is not included in any Red Hat products. This earlier statement was incorrect. While Struts 2 is not actively compiled, shipped, used, or enabled in any Red Hat provided final products, and does not cause any vulnerability in the product, struts2-core jars have been included in some products' source code packages. The inclusion was part of an import of the Google Guice repository, which includes struts2-core. Customers that build artefacts from our source code could be at risk. Red Hat will remove these artefacts from source code in future releases.

The products that included the Struts 2 artefacts in their source jars:
Fuse Service Works 6.0.0
Single Sign On 7.3.0+

If you have used the source package from one of these products to build artefacts on your system, you should do the following to remove potentially affected jars:
1. Run 'find . -name struts2*.jar' under the source location
2. Remove any files found
This will not affect the product, as the jar is included with the source of google-guice, but no functionality requiring struts2 is implemented.

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