Certain Rust binaries used to trigger this (but Rust has since installed a workaround). Upstream fix:
Author: Paul Pluzhnikov <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat May 5 18:08:27 2018 -0700
Fix BZ 20419. A PT_NOTE in a binary could be arbitratily large, so using
alloca for it may cause stack overflow. If the note is larger than
__MAX_ALLOCA_CUTOFF, use dynamically allocated memory to read it in.
Note to QE: The test case needs improvement, and I posted a patch upstream:
I will backport this test adjustment once it has been approved upstream.
glibc-2.17-283.el7 has the test improvement from upstream.
Verified with elf/tst-big-note glibc test case.