Bug 18765 - gcc-2.96 crashes on good code
Summary: gcc-2.96 crashes on good code
Alias: None
Product: Red Hat Linux
Classification: Retired
Component: gcc   
(Show other bugs)
Version: 7.0
Hardware: All
OS: Linux
Target Milestone: ---
Assignee: Jakub Jelinek
QA Contact: David Lawrence
Depends On:
Blocks: 18524
TreeView+ depends on / blocked
Reported: 2000-10-10 02:21 UTC by Omnifarious
Modified: 2007-04-18 16:29 UTC (History)
0 users

Fixed In Version:
Doc Type: Bug Fix
Doc Text:
Story Points: ---
Clone Of:
Last Closed: 2000-10-24 14:39:45 UTC
Type: ---
Regression: ---
Mount Type: ---
Documentation: ---
Verified Versions:
Category: ---
oVirt Team: ---
RHEL 7.3 requirements from Atomic Host:
Cloudforms Team: ---

Attachments (Terms of Use)
This is the preprocessor output that causes the compiler to crash (342.45 KB, application/octet-stream)
2000-10-10 02:23 UTC, Omnifarious
no flags Details

External Trackers
Tracker ID Priority Status Summary Last Updated
Red Hat Product Errata RHBA-2000:132 normal SHIPPED_LIVE Bug fixing update of GCC 2.96 2000-12-19 05:00:00 UTC

Description Omnifarious 2000-10-10 02:21:07 UTC
I'll also attach the preprocessor output from --save-temps.
This is the output of g++ -v when compiling the code...

g++ -v --save-temps -pipe -I./include -g -MD -c StrMod/ChunkIterator.cxx -o
g++: Warning: -pipe ignored since -save-temps specified
Reading specs from /usr/lib/gcc-lib/i386-redhat-linux/2.96/specs
gcc version 2.96 20000731 (Red Hat Linux 7.0)
/usr/lib/gcc-lib/i386-redhat-linux/2.96/cpp0 -lang-c++ -D__GNUG__=2 -v
-I./include -MD ChunkIterator.d -D__GNUC__=2 -D__GNUC_MINOR__=96
-D__GNUC_PATCHLEVEL__=0 -D__ELF__ -Dunix -Dlinux -D__ELF__ -D__unix__
-D__linux__ -D__unix -D__linux -Asystem(posix) -g -Acpu(i386)
-Amachine(i386) -Di386 -D__i386 -D__i386__ -D__tune_i386__
StrMod/ChunkIterator.cxx ChunkIterator.ii
GNU CPP version 2.96 20000731 (Red Hat Linux 7.0) (cpplib)
(i386 Linux/ELF)
ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/local/include"
ignoring nonexistent directory "/usr/i386-redhat-linux/include"
#include "..." search starts here:
#include <...> search starts here:
End of search list.
/usr/lib/gcc-lib/i386-redhat-linux/2.96/cc1plus ChunkIterator.ii -quiet
-dumpbase ChunkIterator.cxx -g -version -o ChunkIterator.s
GNU C++ version 2.96 20000731 (Red Hat Linux 7.0) (i386-redhat-linux)
compiled by GNU C version 2.96 20000731
(Red Hat Linux 7.0).
StrMod/ChunkIterator.cxx: In method `StrChunk::__iterator StrChunk::end
StrMod/ChunkIterator.cxx:356: Internal error #40.
StrMod/ChunkIterator.cxx:356: Internal compiler error in 
cplus_expand_expr, at ../gcc/cp/expr.c:159
Please submit a full bug report.
See <URL:http://www.gnu.org/software/gcc/bugs.html> for instructions.

Comment 1 Omnifarious 2000-10-10 02:23:14 UTC
Created attachment 3965 [details]
This is the preprocessor output that causes the compiler to crash

Comment 2 Omnifarious 2000-10-10 02:24:55 UTC
This happens with or without the -march=i686 flag, and with or without the -O2
It stops happening when I remove the named return value thing, but then the code
generated is sub-optimal, even with -O2.
I don't understand why you can't just perform the named return value
optimization without any funny hints. Is there something in the standard
explicitly stating how many constructor and destructor calls must be seen in a
function call pass-by-value situation?

Comment 3 Jakub Jelinek 2000-10-21 19:22:58 UTC
You actually put the end() without named return value, but I figured
out. This does no longer crash in mainline CVS, so I'll just scan
all named return value related patches and see which one fixes it
(BTW: named return value extension is deprecated and will be removed
probably soon after gcc3 is out, mainline CVS issues warnings
whenever it is used).

Comment 4 Omnifarious 2000-10-21 20:24:42 UTC
Oops.  *grin*  Thanks for figuring it out.  I thought I had tested the
preprocessed output.  Apparently I hadn't.
Will gcc3 make the named return value thing obsolete by automatically doing an
equivalent optimization, or will the feature be removed with no ability to
optimize in this fashion?
The named return value optimization can improve things enormously in certain
situations.  In this particular one, the improvement is probably not that
fantastic, but in others...

Comment 5 Need Real Name 2000-10-21 21:47:34 UTC
Even gcc 2.95.2 supports the return value optimization.  See any good
textbook on C++ for how to have it ``do the right thing''.  Generally,
a construction like:

    return MyObject(arg1, arg2)

and a call like:

    MyObject value(myfunction(param1, param2, param3));

... will do the trick.

Comment 6 Omnifarious 2000-10-21 22:02:47 UTC
I know what's in a good C++ book on the subject.  :-)  If you can name one I
haven't read, I'd be very obliged.  :-)  It's just that this idea has been in
C++ books for a couple years (or more), and hasn't yet made it into the

But, take my end() function.  That strict construction won't work.  There are
many cases where the return value optimization is feasible, but they don't
strictly fit within the mold you just outlined.

In fact, the return value optimization can be applied whenever you return an
object that was constructed on the stack inside the function.  You 'just' 
(yeah, I make it sound easy, don't I?) have to trace back from the return
statement to where the object is constructed and construct the object into a
space provided by the function caller.
I would actually suggest this as standard practice in handling complex return
types since the caller usually has better information about what will be done
with the return value than the called function.
A bug tracking system is probably not the place for this discussion though.  :-)

Comment 7 Jakub Jelinek 2000-10-24 14:39:42 UTC
gcc-2.96-61 should fix this ICE and just print warning like
StrMod/ChunkIterator.cxx: In method `StrChunk::__iterator StrChunk::end
StrMod/ChunkIterator.cxx:354: warning: the named return value extension
is deprecated.
StrMod/ChunkIterator.cxx:354: warning: Please see the documentation for

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