Bug 57519 - segfault doing stupid things with --recompile
Summary: segfault doing stupid things with --recompile
Alias: None
Product: Red Hat Linux
Classification: Retired
Component: rpm   
(Show other bugs)
Version: 7.2
Hardware: i686
OS: Linux
Target Milestone: ---
Assignee: Jeff Johnson
QA Contact:
: 60274 (view as bug list)
Depends On:
TreeView+ depends on / blocked
Reported: 2001-12-14 19:52 UTC by Michael Schwendt
Modified: 2008-05-01 15:38 UTC (History)
1 user (show)

Fixed In Version:
Doc Type: Bug Fix
Doc Text:
Story Points: ---
Clone Of:
Last Closed: 2001-12-22 02:47:10 UTC
Type: ---
Regression: ---
Mount Type: ---
Documentation: ---
Verified Versions:
Category: ---
oVirt Team: ---
RHEL 7.3 requirements from Atomic Host:
Cloudforms Team: ---

Attachments (Terms of Use)
patch which fixes symptoms, but may not be correct (361 bytes, patch)
2001-12-22 02:47 UTC, Michael Schwendt
no flags Details | Diff

Description Michael Schwendt 2001-12-14 19:52:51 UTC
From Bugzilla Helper:
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; U; Linux i686; en-US; rv:0.9.6) Gecko/20011120

Description of problem:
Found by accident. :-)

Version-Release number of selected component (if applicable):

How reproducible:

Steps to Reproduce:
1. rpm --recompile /etc/rpm
2. rpm --recompile /etc/service
3. rpm --recompile rpm.spec

Actual Results:  $ rpm --recompile /etc/rpm
Installing /etc/rpm
error: read failed: Is a directory (21)
Segmentation fault

$ rpm --recompile /etc/services
Installing /etc/services
Segmentation fault

$ rpm --recompile rpm.spec
Installing rpm.spec
Segmentation fault

Expected Results:  $ rpm --recompile /etc/rpm
Installing /etc/rpm
error: read failed: Is a directory (21)
error: source package expected

$ rpm --recompile /etc/services
Installing /etc/services
error: source package expected

$ rpm --recompile rpm.spec
Installing rpm.spec
error: source package expected

Comment 1 Jeff Johnson 2001-12-19 20:12:39 UTC
This works w/o segfaulting for me:

bash$ rpm --recompile /etc/rpm
Installing /etc/rpm
error: read failed: Is a directory (21)
error: /etc/rpm cannot be installed
bash$ rpm --recompile /etc/services
Installing /etc/services
error: /etc/services cannot be installed

Comment 2 Michael Schwendt 2001-12-19 22:23:06 UTC

$ rpm -q rpm

$ rpm --recompile /etc/rpm
Installing /etc/rpm
error: read failed: Is a directory (21)
Segmentation fault

gettimeofday({1008799960, 651048}, NULL) = 0
brk(0x805f000)                          = 0x805f000
write(2, "error: ", 7error: )                  = 7
write(2, "read failed: Is a directory (21)"..., 33read failed: Is a directory (21)
) = 33
--- SIGSEGV (Segmentation fault) ---
+++ killed by SIGSEGV +++

On a different machine, P1/133 MHz running fully updated Enigma, I get a
completely different behaviour:

$ rpm --recompile /etc/inittab
/etc/inittab: No such file or directory

$ rpm -qf /etc/inittab

Any ideas? Looks to me as if RPM could be depending on uninitialized variables
or something like.

Comment 3 Jeff Johnson 2001-12-20 13:58:23 UTC
I still can't reproduce this problem.

Comment 4 Michael Schwendt 2001-12-22 02:45:22 UTC
[I've added some comments and a patch to the wrong RPM bug report, bug #50197.]

Debugging revealed that lib/psm.c  rpmInstallSourcePackage(...) defines a
structure "Header h", but doesn't initialize it. It then calls  lib/package.c 
rpmReadPackageHeader(...) with the struct as argument and there returns from
rpmReadPackageHeaders(...) with rc = RPMRC_BADMAGIC and still without having
initialized/cleared the header struct. psm.c then jumps to the exit label where
"h = headerFree(h);" is called shortly after and causes a segfault. The attached
patch which initializes the Header structure is enough to fix this bug on my
system, but might cause a memory leak when the code simply overwrites the
structure later on. Anyway, this should make clear, where the segfault and
misbehaviour is coming from.

Comment 5 Michael Schwendt 2001-12-22 02:47:05 UTC
Created attachment 41209 [details]
patch which fixes symptoms, but may not be correct

Comment 6 Jeff Johnson 2001-12-27 19:01:41 UTC
Patch is wrong, initialize to NULL.

Fixed AFAIK in rpm-4.0.3-7x final available from

Comment 7 Michael Schwendt 2001-12-27 19:31:47 UTC
Well, in above comment I did not claim it would be a correct patch. ;-)  Btw,
meanwhile I've found the following comment in both the spec and CHANGES file:

* Mon Aug 13 2001 Jeff Johnson <jbj@redhat.com>
- fix: segfault on headerFree given malicious data.

So, a few months ago you knew about this bug, too, but the real fix has went in
sometime between Enigma and RPM 4.0.3 final. Aha!

Comment 8 Jeff Johnson 2001-12-27 20:54:26 UTC
Nope, that changelog entry refers to an exploit that
is/was on various security lists this past fall.

Comment 9 Jeff Johnson 2002-02-24 17:07:37 UTC
*** Bug 60274 has been marked as a duplicate of this bug. ***

Comment 10 Need Real Name 2002-03-20 20:33:12 UTC
Fyi, I had segfaults with rpmbuild --rebuild file.spec, until today's rpm-build
package update.

I didn't have time to file a report until just now, but then I found that a) it
had been fixed, and b) this report has been closed. ;) But here it is:

$ rpmbuild --rebuild file.spec 
Installing file.spec
Segmentation fault

If I do the same thing today:

$ rpmbuild --rebuild file.spec
Installing file.spec
error: file.spec cannot be installed

(file.spec is an empty file in the example, but it also occurs with valid spec

The first example is on an RH7.2 machine owned by a friend, I have no control
over whether he will update his packages today or not, but I have a core dump if
you want it.

Comment 11 Michael Schwendt 2002-03-20 21:22:14 UTC
Whether --rebuild or --recompile, whether "rpm" or "rpmbuild", doesn't matter.
Same bug, same symptoms, and fixed in rpm-4.0.4-7x. No more segfaults doing
stupid things... ;-)

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